a. A period shall be extended for an untimed down if one or more of the following occurs during a down in which time expires in the 2nd or 4th quarter:
1. A penalty is accepted for a live-ball foul(s) (Exception:Rule 10-2-5a). At the option of the offended team, the period is not extended if the foul is by the team in possession and the statement of the penalty includes loss of down.
2. There are offsetting fouls.
3. An official sounds their whistle inadvertently or otherwise incorrectly signals the ball dead.
Approved Ruling 3-2-3 I. During the extension of a period after the ball is ready for play and before the snap, Team A commits a foul. RULING: Dead-ball foul. Team A is penalized for the foul and is entitled to complete the down.
Approved Ruling 3-2-3 II. Time expires during Team A’s free kick at the end of the second quarter. A1 is offside on the kick. RULING: Penalty—Five yards from the previous spot, the end of Team B’s run, or the touchback spot, and the period is extended. Repeat the free kick or Team B is awarded an untimed down.
Approved Ruling 3-2-3 III. Time expires during Team A’s attempted field goal at the end of the second quarter. Team B was offside. RULING: Penalty—Five yards from the previous spot, the period is extended (Rules 10-2-2d-4a).
Approved Ruling 3-2-3 IV. A Team A player interferes with the opportunity to catch a kick (not a try) during a down in which time expires in the first quarter. RULING: Penalty—15 yards from the spot of the foul. The period is not extended and the penalty will be enforced at the beginning of the second quarter.
Approved Ruling 3-2-3 V. Team A scores a touchdown during a down in which time expires. After the touchdown, but before the try, either team fouls. RULING: The period is extended only for the try. The penalty may be enforced on the try or the succeeding kickoff, or the succeeding spot in extra periods.
Approved Ruling 3-2-3 VI. Team A scores a touchdown during a down in which time expires. During Team A’s successful try, Team B fouls. RULING: The period is not extended for the kickoff. Team A may accept the penalty and repeat the try, or decline the penalty and accept the score. Penalties for personal fouls and unsportsmanlike conduct are enforced on the subsequent kickoff or the succeeding spot in extra periods.
Approved Ruling 3-2-3 VII. Team A scores a touchdown during a down in which time expires. After the try ends, either team commits a dead-ball foul. RULING: The try may be repeated for an accepted penalty if a live-ball foul occurred during the try; the penalty for the dead-ball foul will then also be enforced on the repeated try. The period is not extended to enforce a penalty for a dead-ball foul. If accepted, this penalty must be enforced on the kickoff to start the next period or at the succeeding spot in extra periods.
Approved Ruling 3-2-3 VIII. Time expires in the first half on a play in which A12 is beyond the neutral zone when he completes a pass to A88 in Team B’s end zone. RULING: Team B accepts the penalty to nullify the score, and at the option of the offended team the period is not extended because the penalty includes loss of down. The first half ends.